Prophet Pearls #34 – Bamidbar (Hosea 1:10-2:20[2:1-22])

Prophet Pearls Bamidbar, betroth, Yehovah, Hosea, Nehemia Gordon, Keith Johnson, Prophets, Northern Kingdom, Jezreel, Jeroboam, Gomer, prostitute, Lo-ruhamah, Lo-ammi, Israel, syncretism, hishbati, aras, symbolic, spiritual, Torah, torah portion, torah pearlsIn this week's Prophet Pearls Bamidbar, Nehemia Gordon and Keith Johnson discuss the Prophets portion covering  Hosea 1:10-2:20 [2:1-22]. Gordon and Johnson begin by establishing a place and time: The Northern Kingdom, its capital Jezreel and the days of Jeroboam II. Enter Hosea, a prophet who offers his whole life as a witnessing tool, his wife Gomer the prostitute, their children: Jezreel, Lo-ruhamah (Not Pitied), and Lo-ammi (Not My People). We learn that the rebuke to Gomer/Israel for “adorning herself with jewelry” is an example of the dangers of syncretism—the spiritual mixing of seed (see link below). Word studies include “hishbati / I will cause to cease” and its root shin-bet-tav and “aras / I will betroth you” with its symbolic spiritual meaning. Gordon and Johnson close by discussing the legalities of betrothal in the Torah as well as the wonderment of being eternally betrothed.

"I will betroth you to Me forever... and you shall know Yehovah." (Hosea 2:19-20[21-22])

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Related Posts:
The Original Torah Pearls - Bamidbar (Numbers 1:1-4:20)

Watch this video for more information on syncretism—the spiritual mixing of seed.

15 thoughts on “Prophet Pearls #34 – Bamidbar (Hosea 1:10-2:20[2:1-22])

  1. Didn’t the betrothal happen at the time the offering to pay for the bride price to her father and the ketubah was agreed upon? And in that context, the formal and legal marriage was at this time, just not consummated. My point is that regardless how our culture defines engagement, it is not the same as biblical betrothal which was really the contractual obligation of both parties. Therefore, since the contract was already agreed upon, it was not a simple thing to get out of like engagement is today. I say this because the scriptures seem to indicate that the oath happened already and she is already looked upon as belonging to her husband in many scriptures and the penalties for violating a betrothed woman.

    In that light, “I will betroth you to Me forever” has a different connotation than simple engagement. It is referencing the oath. It also tells us something about the timing. The betrothal or contractual agreement happens before an actual consummation. They are separate events. The groom is present at both but not necessarily present in between. I believe I have read that custom was that the groom returned to his father’s house and built a room or rooms for her to live with him. He prepared their dwelling and would come for her when he was done.

  2. OK so Yeshua (as the right arm, sometimes the messenger of Yah) betroths both Israel and Judah. Does the word divorce in Deu 24 shows up regarding Israel? Also we see way back there was no betrothal like we traditionally have later on. I mean could one consider a betrothal the few days that Rebeca and her family accepted the proposition from Abraham on behalf of his son Yitzhak? Right after Yitzhak saw her she went into his tent. The same seems to be the case later with Yacob and Laban. Yacob proposed Laban for Rachel, Laban agreed and presented him with her twin sister Leah and the marriage was consummated. Was that a true betrothal or what? Maybe for Rachel, although Torah does not seem to indicate Yacob had to wait much her either. Seems there were other instances of not having much of a betrothal period but just consummation and that was it. Also where is it written that sex between a couple during betrothal is not permitted in Torah? In Spain Nahmanides even permitted sex with an unmarried woman not involved with another man.

  3. Nehemiah, toda raba for this presention.
    There are times while you are speaking, I can envision the level of amazement ,when you speak in your scriptural based narrative descriptions of the heinous OFFENSES to YHVH that were committed in the list of unholy sins that DAVID performed in the time of his life and in his reign as a Hebrew LEADER. He is only one of a list of other Hebrew LEADERS, that has been depicted to have done grossly unholy acts while in their high leadership roles.
    I always wondered if these depictions of their offenses that were left for us as examples in writing in the bible, was not due to the demands of the theo-political agendas of that historical time period, and of the perceptions of the authors themselves who wrote that account in the book/s.
    The Bible depicts two powerful queens: Jezebel, the queen of Israel (1 Kings 16-21), and her daughter, Athaliah queen of Judah (2 Kings 11). These two queens as well as a queen-mother Ma’achah, mother of king Asa of Judah (1 Kings 15:13), are presented in the biblical texts as unholy and objectionable, mainly for their cultic role as supporters of worship to divine entities other than YHWH. The first two support the worship of the gods Ba‘al and Asherah, and the third places an image of the goddess Asherah in the temple in Jerusalem; the text depicts this as an abominable artifact (מפלצת). In the biblical context, these acts are presented as extraordinary examples of “pagan” fervor, but in reality they depict these royal women as being similar to their Hittite counterparts of that historical period.
    I would love to hear more from you in the future on the most recent findings of why we have so little documented about women leaders in our Bible. IS there any other books or Hebrew texts that have been discovered that tell us more about WOMENS roles in the Priestesshood?

    shalom.

  4. do not wear two different garments or fabrics together , as literal , it seems to indicate do not wear a rabbi priestly garment with a Catholic or protestant garment keep them holy into Yehovah ,
    the fabric seems to mean do not mix doctrines , beliefs that are not Yahovah’s teachings and doctrines , the seeds seems to mean the teachings , doctrines , leaven of religions together in the same place with Yahovah’s , but to keep his holy ( separate to Him ) Could I be wrong ?

  5. Really appreciated this discussion. Your interpretation of the Hebrew language has finally confirmed two very difficult topics for me and past relationship for years: jewelry, adultery, and who is the Servant David. Thank you!

  6. Shalom and blessings to all. My comment speaks to the betrothal as continuing “forever” and, yes, the concept in God’s eyes does seem to indicate this and yet there appears to be a filling up to the full. We stopped here with verse 20 in English yet if we continue for just a few more verses to 23, do we not find the consumation of the marriage by “sowing” into her? Now the concept of a forever marriage is also re-established with the great Rabbi (for Nehemiahs sake) Yehushuah in the discussions concerning Moshea giving writings of devorcement. Yeshuah say yes he did because of the hardness of your hearts (Sin) he did it but FROM THE BEGINNING, IT WAS NOT SO. I wanted to emphasize that as folks seem to pass right over it without serious consideration as to what was meant by it. So we see in our portion here that sin is a problem but only a temporary one in Almighty Gods thinking and confirmed with Yeshuah. When He espouses / marries and eventually consumates the process, this is a permanent issue with Him. Once He focuses and chooses, by faith as far as we, his children/wives are concerned, it’s a done deal. Exciting?,,,, you betcha! We can rest in Him for He is faithful even though we prove not to be..

  7. In regards to Hosea 2:11, couldn’t this refer to the replacement of Yehovah’s appointed times by Jeroboam? HER feast days, HER new moons, HER sabbaths–all HER appointed feasts (as opposed to MY Appointed…). I see a distinction between HER/YOUR appointed feasts and MY Appointed Feasts (as in Leviticus 23:2 and Isaiah 1:1). Israel was applying (New and Improved?) days and ways to worship Yehovah–mixing seed. No wonder God hated it!
    I think that could apply to the replacement holidays being observed today, such as Easter, Christmas, Sunday, and even Halloween and Valentines Day (which aren’t “religious” celebrations today, but they were once pagan religious rites). It sounds to me like Yehovah will cause all those things to cease. I don’t know Hebrew, so maybe I’m wrong, but that is what it seems to say to me. Somebody correct me if I’m wrong.

  8. Can we get these prophet pearls posted (and podcasts) uploaded a day earlier for those of us on the other side of the world? The sabbath just seems to be missing something when there are no pearls! Much appreciated. Thanks. Ian

  9. In 2 Sam 3:14. David is referencing both to the betrothal.What David had to do to qualify to marry Michal. Which involved an act of doing and a personal danger in accomplishing it.

    Michal was basically forced into the marriage based of David and Saul’s choices. David also references she was his wife. She is moved around as property. David got himself fame when he defeated the hundred.

    There seems to be more to Michal’s anger when David returns than the dancing. He may be her legal husband But, her life is up ended after about twenty or so years running from Saul. Saul has married her off again. She is property being fought over.

    In Exodus. The Lord indicates he will get renown by defeating Egypt /Pharoah. The betrothal seems harsh from a brides perspective. Almost as if the people coming out of Egypt missed that a betrothal or marriage was coming about.

    The bride is resisting, grumbling, and not really invested in the betrothal.

    The reader doesn’t really find out until other areas in scriptures that the Exodus is a betrothal/marriage process.

    The betrothal is announced as a betrothal.It is spelled out as being a betrothal. The YHVH is actively giving the bride that ablity to recognize. It is a betrothal of kindness, gentleness, mercy. Faith,and righteousness are gifts given through the Spirit. The bride is looking forward to the marriage. There appears more of a meeting of minds of the bride and YHVH. When there is a meeting of minds then you have the Betrothal/ marriage contract.

  10. THE LONG-TERM BETHROTHAL
    .
    Hos 2:19-20
    19 “And I will betroth you to Me forever; Yes, I will betroth you to Me in righteousness and in justice, In lovingkindness and in compassion,
    20 And I will betroth you to Me in faithfulness. Then you will know the Lord.
    .
    I believe the Torah does not allow a Married woman to return to her 1st husband. If God took ISRAEL as a Husband or as Isaiah stated:
    .
    Isa 54:5-6
    5 “For your husband is your Maker, Whose name is the Lord of hosts; And your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel, Who is called the God of all the earth.
    6 “For the Lord has called you, Like a wife forsaken and grieved in spirit, Even like a wife of one’s youth when she is rejected,” Says your God. NASB
    .
    Hosea is the LAST Prophet that speaks to Israel (10 tribes) and Jeremiah mentions this in chapter 3 some 20 years later repeating Deut 24:
    .
    Jer 3:1
    3 God says, “If a husband divorces his wife, And she goes from him, And belongs to another man, Will he still return to her? Will not that land be completely polluted? But you are a harlot with many lovers (gomer); Yet you turn to Me, ” declares the Lord. (Hos 2:7)
    6 Then the Lord said to me in the days of Josiah the king, “Have you seen what faithless Israel did? She went up on every high hill and under every green tree, and she was a harlot there.
    7 “And I thought, ‘After she has done all these things, she will return to Me’; but she DID NOT RETURN, and her treacherous sister Judah saw it.
    8 “And I saw that for all the adulteries of faithless Israel, I had sent her away and given her a writ of divorce, yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear; but she went and was a harlot also.
    .
    So the best I can figure is that Israel cannot return to God until HER RETURN and is bethrothed again to the Messiah or 2nd husband? If God would have taken her back, then the LAND would be polluted since Justice was not handed out for her deeds. This is the story of Hosea. God is always willing, but SHE did not come back!
    .
    But the day will come when:Hos 3:4-5
    4 For the sons of Israel will remain for many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred pillar, and without ephod or household idols.
    5 Afterward the sons of Israel will return and seek the Lord their God and David their king; and they will come trembling to the Lord and to His goodness in the last days. NASB

    Shalom

    • Well Yeshua divorced Israel, the ten northern tribes which went and mixed among the nations. He never divorced Judah due to the promise He made. Must consider also that when the groom died the bride is free to remarry thus Yeshua as the groom died. Now the bride that was divorced, Israel, is free to remarry. There is also a parallel here seen in the prodigal son with Israel, the ten tribes, as the Prodigal and Judah as the one that stayed home… Shalom

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