Counting the Omer

Counting the Omer, count, counting, Omer, Pentecost, Shavuot, sheaf, wave, waving, Weeks, Nehemia Gordon, feast of weeks, sabbath, shabbat, work, rest, barley, wheat, harvestSunday April 24, 2016 is יוֹם הֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר Yom Hanafat Ha'omer (Day of the Waving of the Sheaf). When the Temple stood this day marked the official commencement of the grain harvest (Deuteronomy 16:7) and the first Omer (sheaf) of the barley harvest was brought to the Temple as a wave-offering (Leviticus 23:9-14). This day also marks the beginning of the 50-day count to חַג הַשָּׁבֻעוֹת‏ Shavuot (Pentecost; Feast of Weeks). Yom Hanafat Ha'omer is counted as Day 1 and Shavuot as Day 50.

There are different methods of counting the 50 days. According to some, the commandment "and you shall count for yourselves fifty days" means to simply observe the 50th day as Shavuot, while others actually declare out loud the number on each of the fifty days. A medieval Karaite practice combines two different methods of declaring the daily count. The first method is the counting of seven weeks. Each day, the number of the week and the number of the day in the week are declared. So for example, Day 1 is "first day of the first week". The second counting method used is an overall number for each day. In this method Day 1 is "the first day" and Day 25 is "the twenty-fifth day". These two methods are used to satisfy the commandment to count seven weeks (Deuteronomy 16:9) as well as the commandment to count fifty days (Leviticus 23:16). Below is a list of the counting for each day using a combination of both methods.

This year (2016), the day of the Waving of the Omer (Sheaf) falls out on the 1st day of Chag HaMatzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread), just like it did in the first year that the Israelites entered the Land of Israel (Joshua 5:11).

Counting of the Omer סְפִירַת הָעֹמֶר
WEEK 1

April 24, 2016:
Today is the 1st day of the 1st week of seven weeks. Today is the 1st day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.

שבוע 1

24 אפריל 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ רִאשׁוֹן‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם יוֹם אֶחָד‏ מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.

April 25, 2016:
Today is the 2nd day of the 1st week of seven weeks. Today is the 2nd day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
25 אפריל 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שֵׁנִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ רִאשׁוֹן‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁנַיִם יָמִים‏ מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
April 26, 2016:
Today is the 3rd day of the 1st week of seven weeks. Today is the 3rd day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
26 אפריל 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁלִישִׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ רִאשׁוֹן‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלֹשָׁה‏ יָמִים‏ מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
April 27, 2016:
Today is the 4th day of the 1st week of seven weeks. Today is the 4th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
27 אפריל 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רְבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ רִאשׁוֹן‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעָה יָמִים‏ מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
April 28, 2016:
Today is the 5th day of the 1st week of seven weeks. Today is the 5th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
28 אפריל 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם חֲמִישִׁי‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ רִאשׁוֹן‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם חֲמִשָּׁה יָמִים‏ מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
April 29, 2016:
Today is the 6th day of the 1st week of seven weeks. Today is the 6th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
29 אפריל 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שִׁשִּׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ רִאשׁוֹן‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שִׁשָּׁה‏ יָמִים‏ מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
April 30, 2016:
Today is the 7th day of the 1st week of seven weeks. Today is the 7th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath. Today is Sabbath, the 1st Sabbath of seven Sabbaths. Today completes the 1st week of seven weeks.
30 אפריל 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ רִאשׁוֹן‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שִׁבְעָה יָמִים‏ מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת. ‏הַיּוֹם שַׁבָּת, שַׁבָּת רִאשׁוֹנָה‏ מִשֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת. הַיּוֹם נִשְׁלַם שָׁבוּעַ רִאשׁוֹן‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת.
WEEK 2

May 1, 2016:
Today is the 1st day of the 2nd week of seven weeks. Today is the 8th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.

שבוע 2

1 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ שֵׁנִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁמוֹנָה יָמִים‏ מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.

May 2, 2016:
Today is the 2nd day of the 2nd week of seven weeks. Today is the 9th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
2 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שֵׁנִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שֵׁנִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם תִּשְׁעָה יָמִים‏ מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 3, 2016:
Today is the 3rd day of the 2nd week of seven weeks. Today is the 10th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
3 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁלִישִׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שֵׁנִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֲשָׂרָה יָמִים‏ מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 4, 2016:
Today is the 4th day of the 2nd week of seven weeks. Today is the 11th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
4 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רְבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שֵׁנִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַחַד עָשָׂר‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 5, 2016:
Today is the 5th day of the 2nd week of seven weeks. Today is the 12th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
5 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם חֲמִישִׁי‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ שֵׁנִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 6, 2016:
Today is the 6th day of the 2nd week of seven weeks. Today is the 13th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
6 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שִׁשִּׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שֵׁנִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 7, 2016:
Today is the 7th day of the 2nd week of seven weeks. Today is the 14th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath. Today is Sabbath, the 2nd Sabbath of seven Sabbaths. Today completes the 2nd week of seven weeks.
7 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שֵׁנִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת. ‏הַיּוֹם שַׁבָּת, שַׁבָּת שֵׁנִית מִשֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת. הַיּוֹם נִשְׁלַם שָׁבוּעַ שֵׁנִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת.
WEEK 3

May 8, 2016:
Today is the 1st day of the 3rd week of seven weeks. Today is the 15th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.

שבוע 3

8 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁלִישִׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם חֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.

May 9, 2016:
Today is the 2nd day of the 3rd week of seven weeks. Today is the 16th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
9 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שֵׁנִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁלִישִׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שִׁשָּׁה עָשָׂר‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 10, 2016:
Today is the 3rd day of the 3rd week of seven weeks. Today is the 17th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
10 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁלִישִׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁלִישִׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שִׁבְעָה עָשָׂר יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 11, 2016:
Today is the 4th day of the 3rd week of seven weeks. Today is the 18th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
11 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רְבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁלִישִׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁמוֹנָה עָשָׂר‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 12, 2016:
Today is the 5th day of the 3rd week of seven weeks. Today is the 19th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
12 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם חֲמִישִׁי‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁלִישִׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם תִּשְׁעָה עָשָׂר יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 13, 2016:
Today is the 6th day of the 3rd week of seven weeks. Today is the 20th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
13 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שִׁשִּׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁלִישִׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֶשְׂרִים יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 14, 2016:
Today is the 7th day of the 3rd week of seven weeks. Today is the 21st day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath. Today is Sabbath, the 3rd Sabbath of seven Sabbaths. Today completes the 3rd week of seven weeks.
14 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁלִישִׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֶשְׂרִים וְאֶחָד‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת. ‏הַיּוֹם שַׁבָּת, שַׁבָּת שְׁלִישִׁית מִשֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת. הַיּוֹם נִשְׁלַם שָׁבוּעַ שְׁלִישִׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת.
WEEK 4

May 15, 2016:
Today is the 1st day of the 4th week of seven weeks. Today is the 22nd day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.

שבוע 4

15 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ רְבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁנַיִם יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.

May 16, 2016:
Today is the 2nd day of the 4th week of seven weeks. Today is the 23rd day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
16 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שֵׁנִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ רְבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁלֹשָׁה יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 17, 2016:
Today is the 3rd day of the 4th week of seven weeks. Today is the 24th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
17 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁלִישִׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ רְבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבָּעָה יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 18, 2016:
Today is the 4th day of the 4th week of seven weeks. Today is the 25th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
18 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רְבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ רְבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֶשְׂרִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 19, 2016:
Today is the 5th day of the 4th week of seven weeks. Today is the 26th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
19 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם חֲמִישִׁי‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ רְבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֶשְׂרִים וְשִׁשָּׁה יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 20, 2016:
Today is the 6th day of the 4th week of seven weeks. Today is the 27th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
20 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שִׁשִּׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ רְבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֶשְׂרִים וְשִׁבְעָה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 21, 2016:
Today is the 7th day of the 4th week of seven weeks. Today is the 28th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath. Today is Sabbath, the 4th Sabbath of seven Sabbaths. Today completes the 4th week of seven weeks.
21 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ רְבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁמוֹנָה יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת. ‏הַיּוֹם שַׁבָּת, שַׁבָּת רְבִיעִית‏ מִשֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת. הַיּוֹם נִשְׁלַם שָׁבוּעַ רְבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת.
WEEK 5

May 22, 2016:
Today is the 1st day of the 5th week of seven weeks. Today is the 29th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.

שבוע 5

22 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ חֲמִישִׁי‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם עֶשְׂרִים וְתִשְׁעָה יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.

May 23, 2016:
Today is the 2nd day of the 5th week of seven weeks. Today is the 30th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
23 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שֵׁנִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ חֲמִישִׁי‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלוֹשִׁים יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 24, 2016:
Today is the 3rd day of the 5th week of seven weeks. Today is the 31st day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
24 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁלִישִׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ חֲמִישִׁי‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלוֹשִׁים וְאֶחָד‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 25, 2016:
Today is the 4th day of the 5th week of seven weeks. Today is the 32nd day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
25 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רְבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ חֲמִישִׁי‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלוֹשִׁים וּשְׁנַיִם‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 26, 2016:
Today is the 5th day of the 5th week of seven weeks. Today is the 33rd day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
26 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם חֲמִישִׁי‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ חֲמִישִׁי‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלוֹשִׁים וּשְׁלֹשָׁה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 27, 2016:
Today is the 6th day of the 5th week of seven weeks. Today is the 34th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
27 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שִׁשִּׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ חֲמִישִׁי‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלוֹשִׁים וְאַרְבָּעָה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 28, 2016:
Today is the 7th day of the 5th week of seven weeks. Today is the 35th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath. Today is Sabbath, the 5th Sabbath of seven Sabbaths. Today completes the 5th week of seven weeks.
28 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ חֲמִישִׁי‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלוֹשִׁים וַחֲמִשָּׁה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת. ‏הַיּוֹם שַׁבָּת, שַׁבָּת חֲמִישִׁית‏ מִשֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת. הַיּוֹם נִשְׁלַם שָׁבוּעַ חֲמִישִׁי‏ מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת.
WEEK 6

May 29, 2016:
Today is the 1st day of the 6th week of seven weeks. Today is the 36th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.

שבוע 6

29 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ שִׁשִּׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלוֹשִׁים וְשִׁשָּׁה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.

May 30, 2016:
Today is the 2nd day of the 6th week of seven weeks. Today is the 37th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
30 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שֵׁנִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שִׁשִּׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלוֹשִׁים וְשִׁבְעָה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
May 31, 2016:
Today is the 3rd day of the 6th week of seven weeks. Today is the 38th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
31 מאי 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁלִישִׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שִׁשִּׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלוֹשִׁים וּשְׁמוֹנָה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
June 1, 2016:
Today is the 4th day of the 6th week of seven weeks. Today is the 39th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
1 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רְבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שִׁשִּׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם שְׁלֹשִׁים וְתִשְׁעָה יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
June 2, 2016:
Today is the 5th day of the 6th week of seven weeks. Today is the 40th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
2 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם חֲמִישִׁי‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ שִׁשִּׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעִים יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
June 3, 2016:
Today is the 6th day of the 6th week of seven weeks. Today is the 41st day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
3 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שִׁשִּׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שִׁשִּׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעִים וְאֶחָד‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
June 4, 2016:
Today is the 7th day of the 6th week of seven weeks. Today is the 42nd day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath. Today is Sabbath, the 6th Sabbath of seven Sabbaths. Today completes the 6th week of seven weeks.
4 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שִׁשִּׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁנַיִם‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת. ‏הַיּוֹם שַׁבָּת, שַׁבָּת שִׁשִּׁית‏ מִשֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת. הַיּוֹם נִשְׁלַם שָׁבוּעַ שִׁשִּׁי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת.
WEEK 7

June 5, 2016:
Today is the 1st day of the 7th week of seven weeks. Today is the 43rd day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.

שבוע 7

5 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁלֹשָׁה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.

June 6, 2016:
Today is the 2nd day of the 7th week of seven weeks. Today is the 44th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
6 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שֵׁנִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעִים וְאַרְבָּעָה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
June 7, 2016:
Today is the 3rd day of the 7th week of seven weeks. Today is the 45th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
7 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁלִישִׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
June 8, 2016:
Today is the 4th day of the 7th week of seven weeks. Today is the 46th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
8 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם רְבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעִים וְשִׁשָּׁה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
June 9, 2016:
Today is the 5th day of the 7th week of seven weeks. Today is the 47th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
9 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם חֲמִישִׁי‏ לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעִים וְשִׁבְעָה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
June 10, 2016:
Today is the 6th day of the 7th week of seven weeks. Today is the 48th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath.
10 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שִׁשִּׁי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁמוֹנָה‏ יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת.
June 11, 2016:
Today is the 7th day of the 7th week of seven weeks. Today is the 49th day of the counting of fifty days from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath. Today is Sabbath, the 7th Sabbath of seven Sabbaths. Today completes the 7th week of seven weeks.
11 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁבִיעִי לַשָּׁבוּעַ שְׁבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת. הַיּוֹם אַרְבָּעִים וְתִשְׁעָה יוֹם מִסְפִירַת חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת. ‏הַיּוֹם שַׁבָּת, שַׁבָּת שְׁבִיעִית מִשֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת. הַיּוֹם נִשְׁלַם שָׁבוּעַ שְׁבִיעִי מִשִׁבְעָה שָׁבֻעוֹת.
Chag Ha-Shavuot (Feast of Weeks)

June 12, 2016:
Today is the 50th day of the counting from the day of the waving of the Omer on the morrow after the Sabbath. Today is the morrow of the seventh Sabbath, the Feast of Weeks, the Feast of Harvest, the Day of Firstfruits.

חַג השָּׁבוּעוֹת

12 יוני 2016:
הַיּוֹם ‏‎ ‎חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם‎ ‎מֵהֲנָפַת הָעֹמֶר מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת. ‏הַיּוֹם הוּא ‏מָחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת הַשְּׁבִיעִת, חַג הַשָּׁבֻעוֹת, חַג הַקָּצִיר, יוֹם ‏הַבִּכּוּרִים.‏

17 thoughts on “Counting the Omer

  1. The counting of the Omer starts after chak Hamatzot , because it starts
    from the first day after the shabbat that we can eat bread .
    Vayikra 23:9-16 specially pasuk 14.

  2. So tomorrow (May 24) is Shavuot? Does this mean that “the morrow after the seventh sabbath” (Lev. 23:16) should be taken to mean the seventh Sunday from the Sunday that fell during Unleavened Bread? Because it sounds to me as a non-Hebrew speaker like the text is saying that the count is based on the weekly sabbath which fell during Unleavened Bread, which would put the morrow after first sabbath on Apr. 12, which this year would make Shavuot occur on May 31. I know this discrepancy would only be an issue about once every 7 years, but it would be nice to have it resolved.

  3. How could we start the count on Sunday April 5th when there had not been a “Sabbath” during the Feast yet? Sunday was day one of the Feast and a High Sabbath but the first Sabbath “during” the Feast would not be until Saturday April 11th. The day of Passover is separate from the actual Feast of Unleavened Bread which starts on the 15th of month one. HELP, why are the simple instructions so butchered today?

  4. I left this comment on the truth of Shavout but later noticed Nehemia hadn’t been there for some time so excuse the redundancy. Thanks

    First of all thanks Nehemia for all the work and time you put into things. I have been following/enjoying/learning from your writings and thoughts for maybe 15 years now. I rarely comment, it never really seems that I have anything to say out side of what has been said. But a ‘THANKS’ is long over due.
    This conversation did bring up a question that occurred to me only now. What if the Sabbath that kicks off the counting has nothing to do with Passover/unleavened? You mentioned that the three groups Pharisees Essene and Sadducee, all agreed that it was concerning this week of unleavened but no verses, proofs or reason was given. What if the very first premise is wrong? Everything about this discussion is being based on that assumption!
    Deut 16 tells us that one is to start from putting the sickle to the grain. That is the only verse in all of this that I can see that gives us a definitive time frame. In a year that the month started later then other years the Aviv would have already been being harvested possibly weeks before the count started. I.e. the month of aviv did not start because the grain was not ready. So the harvest started at the end of the 13th? month. Thus you have potentially 2-3 weeks that the sickle has been at the grain before the ‘sabbath of the week of unleavened’ clearly not in line with Deut 16.
    Lev 23:15 says from the day after the Sabbath. What if in all simplicity one was to start counting the day after the Sabbath-which sabbath?- when/after you put your sickle to the grain. What if it has nothing to do with Passover and unleavened other then overlap some years? So can I ask that we start from square one?
    –Why does it have to be a Sabbath connected to Passover/Unleavened?–
    What if the holidays in question Omer and Savout simply floated according the beginning of the harvest exactly as the month of Aviv floats with the Aviv?
    Josh 5 would fit as well if they had started harvesting earlier that week then after the sabbath offered the wave offering/omer then started eating.
    I realize this puts a spanner/wrench in the works of deciding the month of Aviv as well, which may put a shiver up some spins. But it seems to me to be a question worth addressing.
    There seems to be more of an interest in making sure that this particular sabbath falls in unleavened week -which is not written anywhere- rather then begin counting when (the sabbath after?) you put the sickle to the grain, which is clearly written.
    sorry to muddy the waters just ask’n

  5. The manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the new grain.(Joshua 5:12) It seems to me that this is a sign that their obedience was verified from heaven. Also, as it is in 2015, this is a reminder of those great events when the children of Israel entered the land.

  6. Just to be clear, in my longer comment, I’m trying to see how the sabbath in “the morrow of the sabbath” can be outside of ULB, just working from scripture. The Pharisee/Essene/Sadducee tradition can either support or violate the scripture, but shouldn’t drive the issue. I hope I’m making sense here.

    • Dear Neville, I think you’re making sense. We (my family) see it the same way. This year we also start counting from the day after the 7th Day of ULB. If you “only” take the bible as a source, I don’t see how I can come to another conclusion.

      • I saw a comment on this from Chaim Goldman, referring to Nehemia’s holding up Joshua 5:1-11 as the key to unlock this question. I remember now hearing him (Nehemia) talk about this, but do not remember seeing it in the turth-of-Shavuot article (maybe I just completely missed it). In that text, the Israelites ate of the new produce of the land on the day immediately after their 14th-of-th-month celebration of the Passover. If we can use their example, then it appears that they had the same day-of-the-week layout as we do this year, and they did not wait until the next week. I’m going to read these passages a few more times, but this may be the explanation I sought.

      • Shouldn’t it start after sundown Sunday night on Nissan 16, the day after the High Sabbath (Lev 23:10-16)?

          • I have read your Turth-of-Shavuot study through twice, and tried quite hard to see the key to beginning the count as being “the morrow” and not “the sabbath”. But… I just can’t. in context, the only thing that makes sense to me is that “the sabbath” is referring to the [weekly] sabbath that occurs within the 7 days of ULB. I just don’t see from the scriptural context how the morrow (morning) should occur within ULB if the sabbath to which it is “attached” does not. Since this year, ULB starts immediately after a weekly sabbath, it seems clear to me that the only sabbath-morrow that works in context is [this year] going to be the weekly sabbath which is the final day of ULB. That would make the count-start and Shavuot a week later than your dates. I’m really trying to see it your way, but I just don’t. Can you go deeper on this?

  7. Shalom, I would like to establish what “Lev 23:11 ‘And he shall wave the sheaf before יהוה, for your acceptance. On the morrow after the Sabbath the priest waves it.” means, and how does one know which Sabbath if Passover falls on the sabbath, with 1st day of Unlwavened Bread ob the 1st day. Basically the same as this year. What is the rule? According to the Scripture in Lev. 23 I would start counting from 12/04/15 till 31/05/15.

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