Aviv Barley and the Spirit of Constantine

Tête de Constantin 1er - Palazzo dei Conservatori - MC0757In Aviv Barley and the Spirit of Constantine, Nehemia Gordon shows how the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD led to a change in the observance of the Biblical Calendar for both Jews and Christians. He also includes his educated guess as to when Passover will fall out this year based on the Aviv-New Moon calendar. Continue reading

Aviv Barley in the Biblical Calendar

6-Row-BarleyBiblical Leap Years

The Biblical year begins with the first New Moon after the barley in Israel reaches the stage in its ripeness called Aviv. The period between one year and the next is either 12 or 13 lunar months. Because of this, it is important to check the state of the Barley crops at the end of the 12th month. If the barley is Aviv at this time, then the following New Moon is Hodesh Ha-Aviv ("New Moon of the Aviv"). If the barley is still immature, we must wait another month and then check the barley again at the end of the 13th month. Continue reading

#002: Pre-Aviv in the Jordan Valley Feb 27, 2015

Pre-Aviv, Jordan Valley, barley, vegetative state, grass, flowering stage, Aviv, 12th Hebrew month, new moon, Hebrew year, Nehemia Gordon, Hebrew, Yehovah, yhvhI went down to examine the barley in the Jordan Valley today (Friday Feb 27, 2015). I was thought I might find barley in the vegetative state (like grass) after the snow and hail. Instead, I found barley in the flowering stage. This means there's a very good chance that the barley will be Aviv by the end of the 12th Hebrew month. This would make the new moon on Saturday March 21 the beginning of the Hebrew year. Here's a discussion I carried out in the field with Devorah Gordon about the Aviv in general and this year in particular. -Nehemia Continue reading