Prophet Pearls #36 – Beha’alotecha (Zechariah 2:10[2:14]-4:7)

Seven branch menorah.In this episode of Prophet Pearls, Nehemia Gordon and Keith Johnson discuss the Prophets portion of Beha'alotecha covering Zechariah 2:10[2:14]-4:7. Gordon and Johnson bring their best scholarship along with their best guesses to decipher Joshua’s emotive vision of the angel of the Lord, a satan, a stone with seven eyes, a gold lamp-stand, two olive trees and a brand plucked from fire.

Gordon explains the different forms in which the name Joshua appears. Other word studies include: “dwell”—which shares the root of “shekinah,” “levite/join,” “satan/adversary”—with its noun and verb usages, and lastly—“tzemach/branch”—the promised servant.

In closing, Gordon explains the fascinating history of the picture of the week and offers the 15th benediction of the Amidah—praying that Yehovah will speedily send his Tzemach —the branch of his salvation.

"...behold a Menorah all of gold... and his seven lamps thereon... and two olive trees by it..." Zechariah 4:2-3

I look forward to reading your comments!

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Photo by Nehemia Gordon.

28 thoughts on “Prophet Pearls #36 – Beha’alotecha (Zechariah 2:10[2:14]-4:7)

  1. Regarding Zechariah 4. Here is an interpretation I put together today after listening to HOI Shabbat service and listening to this podcast. At some point in the question & answer time at the end of service it was mentioned that there are three anointed ones: The King, The Priest, And the Prophet. So, If the candle stick is Adonee/My Lord I suppose that is the King. Thus, the two olive trees, annointed ones (bene), are the Prophet and the (High?) Priest.

    Does anyone know of anything that could contradict this?

    • I think if you read through Ezekiel especially chapters 30-on till the end of the book as well as perhaps Jeremiah chapters 31 and onward it might help aswear some of that . You could flip through Isaiah as well.

  2. Shalom Nehemia,

    Am so grateful and appreciative of all you and Keith do.
    Would you please post the ¨15th benediction of the Amidah¨that you prayed to YeHoVah, as am trying to search for it, but am unable to locate the one you read. Would greatly appreciate it. Todah Rabah. Shabbat Shalom.

  3. Nehemia, can you please share in English , the prayer you said at the end of the segment? Thank you, in advance! May Yah continue to bless the work you are doing!

  4. Hi Nehemia, would you please post the prayer in English that you prayed at the end of session # 36?
    May Yehovah continue to bless you and Keith and the work that you are doing for His Glorious Kingdom!

  5. Re: “Many nations will join themselves to YHVH in that day and will become My people.” I think part of the problem with the Christian interpretation of this, is the misunderstanding that Gentiles have to be ‘grafted onto’ the Covenant between God and Israel in order to be saved from sin; and part of the Jewish unease is the misunderstanding that Gentiles will become Israelites, thus swamping and replacing us. What I think IMHO is this: at some point in the future, certain nations (unspecified – or maybe even just parts of nations) will become ‘Yahwist’ – they will accept the authority and leadership of YHVH, they will follow the ethics, mindset and principles that guided Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and they will ally themselves to Israel. HOWEVER, they will not become ‘Israelites’, because the Covenant is about preserving Israel as a nation forever, and giving Israel the Land forever, for as long as Israel holds to the Way of YHVH (that is what ‘The Covenant’ is – Gentiles do not need to be grafted to it, because it is not about salvation from sin). The Jewish people also do not need to fear, because Israel is God’s firstborn, and has a particular mission in the world – to preserve the reputation of YHVH’s holiness, to be a light to the nations, be a kingdom of priests etc – that’s never going to change. There will be Israel (with our unique mission), and then there will be Yahwist nations, who will become allied to Israel, and help spread the Kingdom of God. Before Sinai, Israel was not the only Yahwist nation – Jethro’s tribe among the Midianites were Yahwist, as were the Salemites and the Shasu). In the future, there will be many nations who serve YHVH. They will all be God’s people, but that isn’t the same as being One Nation.

    • SHMUEL,

      Just to get a clearer picture of what you are saying
      can you explain the difference between Jethro and Ruth?

      • Yes Reyes. Both Jethro and Ruth worshipped YHVH. Ruth basically changed her ‘ethnicity’ or nationality and became Israelite. That meant her fate and Israel’s fate became the same. Her spiritual mission and Israel’s spiritual mission became the same. Her children were also able to inherit land in the Land of Israel. Jethro was also Yahwist, but he remained Midianite. His personal mission was to follow YHVH’s ways, and uphold the holiness of YHVH, but that was not the mission of his people (the Midianites). Also, he could not have land in Israel, and neither could his children.
        Also, within Israel, there are priests, Levites and ordinary Israelites. The ‘higher up’ you are, the more responsibility you have to maintain YHVH’s ways, and the more answerable you are to God in what you do. So it is with Israel and the nations: Israel are the priests, the Yahwist nations will be the Levites, and non-Yahwist nations will be like ordinary Israelites. An ordinary Israelite is not less loved by God than a priest, but the responsibility of a priest, and his answerability to God is greater. So too it will be with Yahwist nations and non-Yahwist nations – a Yahwist nation will be more answerable to God than a non-Yahwist nation – more will be expected of a Yahwist nation. I hope that makes sense to you.

        • It is very comforting to know that it
          is a matter of choice.

          So I choose the same path that Ruth made in joining myself to YHVH:

          “Do not urge me to leave you or turn back from following you; for where * you go, I will go, and where you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people, and your God, my God

          Isaiah 56:6 is my new standard:

          “Also the foreigners who join themselves to YHVH, To minister to Him, and to love the name of the YHVH, To be His servants, every one who keeps from profaning the sabbath And holds fast My covenant; Even those I will bring to My holy mountain And make them joyful in My house of prayer.

          • As per these Scriptures, Ruth was really an Israelite, she could not have been anything else. Problem is both Jew and Gentiles keep saying otherwise but a Moabite can also be an inhabitant of Moab. Israel, like is done elsewhere, sometimes keeps the name of an area the way it has been. Not all Arizonians are Hopi Indians. Israel killed all the Moabites north of the Arnon River, then settled the area for at least 300 years, albeit adopted the local deities.

            Deuteronomy (Devarim) 1:5
            “On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying,”
            Deut. 2:32-36
            32 “When Sihon and all his army came out to meet us in battle at Jahaz, 33 the LORD our Elohim delivered him over to us and we struck him down, together with his sons and his whole army. 34 At that time we took all his towns and completely destroyed[a] them—men, women and children. We left no survivors. 35 only the cattle we took for a prey unto ourselves, with the spoil of the cities which we had taken. 36 From Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley of Arnon, and from the city that is in the valley, even unto Gilead, there was not a city too high for us: the LORD our God DELIVERED UP ALL before us.”
            Deut. 3:12, 16:
            12 “And this land, which we possessed at that time, from Aroer, which is by the river Arnon, and half mount Gilead, and the cities thereof, gave I unto the Reubenites and to the Gadites.
            16 But to the Reubenites and the Gadites I gave the territory extending from Gilead down to the Arnon Gorge (the middle of the gorge being the border) and out to the Jabbok River, which is the border of the Ammonites.”
            Deu 23:2-3
            2 “ A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the LORD.
            3 An AMMONITE OR MOABITE SHALL NOT ENTER into the congregation of the LORD; even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the congregation of the LORD FOREVER”.
            Numbers, Be-Midbar 21:21-26
            “21 Israel sent messengers to say to Sihon king of the Amorites:
            22 “Let us pass through your country. We will not turn aside into any field or vineyard, or drink water from any well. We will travel along the King’s Highway until we have passed through your territory.”
            23 But Sihon would not let Israel pass through his territory. He mustered his entire army and marched out into the wilderness against Israel. When he reached Jahaz, he fought with Israel. 24 Israel, however, put him to the sword and took over his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, but only as far as the Ammonites, because their border was fortified. 25 Israel captured all the cities of the Amorites and occupied them, including Heshbon and all its surrounding settlements. 26 Heshbon was the city of Sihon king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab and had taken from him all his land as far as the Arnon.”
            Numbers 26:3 – “And Moses and Eleazar the priest spake with them in the plains of Moab by Jordan [near] Jericho”
            Numbers 26:63
            “These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.”
            Numbers 33:49 – “And they pitched by Jordan, from Bethjesimoth [even] unto Abelshittim in the plains of Moab.”
            Numbers 36:13
            “These are the commandments and the judgments, which the Lord commanded by the hand of Moses unto the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.”
            Joshua 13:32 – These [are the countries] which Moses did distribute for inheritance in the plains of Moab, on the other side Jordan, by Jericho, eastward”

            Even Jer 40:11 makes reference to ALL the Jews in Moab. In 1 King 11; 1-2, the Moabites are included among “the nations concerning which Yahveh said unto the children of Israel not to go into you”. Verse 1 calls them “strange” women. So according to Torah was Ruth a stranger or a Rubenite? This shows the prohibition was still valid even in King Solomon’s days. Forever is forever folks…

  6. Don’t know if it means anything but when you were reading Zechariah 3:8 Listen, cohen gadol Y’hoshua, both you and your colleagues seated here before you, because these men are a sign that I am going to bring my servant Tzemach [Sprout]… I thought of Aaron’s sprouted branch that was placed inside the Ark? Because there was also a jar of manna (Yeshua as the Messiah as I believe represents the bread of life) and the ten commandments (He is The Word of God).

  7. Domestic olive tree, is one born in the land; the wild brach is grown outside the land, they are both olive trees. And wild doesn’t mean goofy, church.

    • as far as trees go,

      ‘Domestic’ means it’s cared for as something brought into or belonging to a home–cared for.

      Wild means it’s left to itself.

  8. In the grafting process, the domestic tree there’s a cut, usually some ointment is applice to the cut (zion) and wrapped with cloths (wrapped in linen) this protects it from loosing moisture and protects from disease. This cut, zion, like eye of potatoe with the wrapp is called blinding – the blinding is not about spritual ignorance is about protection until the grafting is complete. If the 3.5 year old tree is not grafted it will die, so gardner goes out to the field and makes cutting and cuts off branch, that tree is also provied ointment and wrapping (so it won’t die, the branch is brought to the domesstic tree, and salve is applied, linen garments wrapp or bind the wild branch to the domestic olive.

    Truly is amazing if you learn how to graft an olive tree.

    • Thank you Janice, I never knew that, and it is filled with meaning! Israel (the domestic tree) is partially blinded until the time of the gentiles is complete (Luke 21:24). The 3 1/2 years of testing was when Steven preached to JUST the Jewish nation, then when they stoned him (rejected the Messiah) the gospel went to to gentiles. If we don’t adhere (become a successful graft and take on characteristics of domestic tree like you said).. “it” dies.
      SO many Christians believe that just because they are grafted… they won’t die that second death 🙁

  9. Go to a gardner and learn the process of grafting an olice tree. When the process is complete, it undergoes a test of 3.5 years, at that time the engrafted branch (wild branch) will look just like the original domestic tree. That’s a successful graft. If does not take on characteristics of domesitc tree, it dies.

    • Samantha,

      Please enlighten us with your great wisdom.
      When did the prophets convert the gentiles into the 10 tribes?

    • Samantha,

      Your statement is not only baffling but completely contrary to the Word of YHVH spoken through the prophets.

      Never did the prophets refer to the gentiles as the 10 tribes.

  10. What would it physically look like when the phrase in Isaiah 14: 1 “The strangers will be joined with them, and they will cling to the house of Jacob” comes to be? I know it’s almost impossible to say but can we do this today?

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