In this episode of Hebrew Voices, Enoch Walking with Angels, Nehemia Gordon meets with Dr. Miryam Brand to discuss 1 Enoch, which is part of the Jewish "Pseudepigrapha" from the Second Temple period. Gordon and Brand discuss how Enoch’s marginal (albeit fascinating) mention in the Tanakh has resulted in a body of literature and lore about his life and its unusual “end.”
We learn how different time periods (particularly the Second Temple period) have grappled with the statement that “Enoch was not, for Elohim took him.” Regarding the translations of “Elohim” and “son of man,” Brand offers both rabbinical and academic interpretations: God, judges, or angels -- and mere mortal or messiah? We learn the Qumran connection to four of the five books that were combined to form 1 Enoch and the possible implications for the one book not found there. In closing, Brand and Gordon discuss the veracity of the Enoch stories—and in what sense it matters whether they are “true” or not.
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The Origin of Sin
Nephilim and Demons in the Book of Enoch
The Lost Book of Jasher
The Book of Jasher Exposed
Hebrew Voices Episodes
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Nehemia Gordon's Teachings on the Name of God
Dr. Miryam Brand holds a Ph.D. in Bible and Second Temple Literature from New York University and an M.A. in Bible and Biblical Interpretation from Matan and Haifa University. Her book on the portrayal of sin in the Second Temple period (Evil Within and Without: The Source of Sin and Its Nature as Portrayed in Second Temple Literature) was published in 2013 and her commentary on the Book of Enoch was published as part of Outside the Bible in 2013. She has taught at Brown University, New York University, and Stern College and has spoken at Hebrew University, Cambridge University, and the University of Kiel. She is currently an Associate Fellow at the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research.
"Some events do take place but are not true; other are--although they never occurred." Elie Wiesel, Legends of Our Time, page viii
"In literature... certain things are true though they didn't happen, while others are not, even if they did." Quoted in: Frederick L. Downing, Elie Wiesel: A Religious Biography, page 121
 And when the forty days were ended, the Most High spoke to me, saying, "Make public the twenty-four books that you wrote first and let the worthy and the unworthy read them;  but keep the seventy that were written last, in order to give them to the wise among your people.  For in them is the spring of understanding, the fountain of wisdom, and the river of knowledge." (4 Ezra 14:45-47)